Meda (Polygonatum verticillatum) Makes use of, Qualities, Treatments, Analysis

By Dr Renita D’Souza
Meda (Polygonatum verticillatum) is an Ayurvedic herb which is talked about as one among the many Ashtavarga herbs, an Ayurvedic formulation with 8 energy selling herbs. Historically, the rhizomes of this plant are used to extend the bodily energy, nourish the physique tissues, acts as aphrodisiac, rejuvenative, galactagogue and nervine tonic. In some areas of Himalaya individuals use this plant as vegetable and its roots are additionally eaten uncooked.
Learn – Ashtavarga Group Of Herbs Advantages, Analysis

Botanical Title – Polygonatum verticillatum Linn
Campydorum verticillatum (L.) Salisb. nom. inval.
Convallaria leptophylla D.Don
Convallaria stellifolia Peterm.
Convallaria verticillata L.
Household – Liliaceae

Vernacular Names

English Title – Whorled solomon’s seal
Sanskrit Title – Meda
Hindi Title – Basuchidra, Devamani, Pandura, Shakakul, Seal, Vasuchhidra
Urdu Title – Nor-e-Alam
Pahari Title – Salam mishri
Nepali Title – Keruwa, Khinraula
Pashto Title – Peramole
Kashmiri Title – Mishri, Mitha dodhu, Ra-mnye, Khol
Gilgati or Balti Title – Saat Ashee in
Chinese language Title – Lun Ye Huang Jing

Medicinal Qualities

Style (Rasa) – Sweet
Efficiency (Virya)
– Chilly
Qualities (Guna)
Guru – heavy to digest
Motion (Karma)
Vrishya – Aphrodiasiac
Sthanyavaham – will increase breast milk
Brihmana – nourishes the physique tissues
Shukrakrit – will increase semen

Impact on Doshas
Balances aggravated Pitta and Vata dosha
Aggravates Kapha dosha
Learn – Kakoli (Roscoea purpurea) Makes use of, Medicinal Qualities, Treatments, Analysis

Therapeutic Makes use of

Burning sensation
Ache (arti)
Tuberculosis (Rajayakshma)
Emaciation (Kshaya)
Depletion of physique tissues (Kshata kshaya)

Half Used



Rhizome powder – 2- 3 grams or as directed by the doctor
Learn – Kshirakakoli (Lilium polyphyllum) Makes use of, Medicinal Qualities, Analysis

Sanskrit Verses


Polygonatum verticillatum is used as folklore drugs. Its utility varies elsewhere

  • In Common debility, the plant root is used with milk and ghee. This recipe is practised in some components of Gilgit. In different areas this plant is taken to treatment flatulence.
  • The roots of the plant are reduce into small items and soaked in water in a single day. Subsequent morning, it’s crushed in identical water and consumed each day each morning. This treatment is used to deal with Spermatorrhaea and piles.
  • In leucorrhoea, root powder is combined with water and brought each day.
  • To deal with wound, root paste of meda plant is utilized externally on wound.
    Learn – Brimhaneeya Gana Herbs: Assessment, Advantages, Formulations

Dietary Values

Polygonatum verticillatum comprises moisture [(84.53 ± 4.69) g/100 g], protein [(16.20 ± 1.62) g/100 g], fats [(0.46 ± 0.06) g/100 g], fibre [(12.33 ± 0.57) g/100 g], carbohydrates [(17.07 ± 0.00) g/100 g], ash [(7.45 ± 0.79) g/100 g], vitality worth [(108.23 ± 9.73) Kcal/100 g]. The plant additionally possess micronutrient akin to Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, Copper and Manganese.

Pharmacological Actions

Polygonatum verticillatum possesses Antimalarial, Antipyretic,  Anti-inflammatory, Anticonvulsant, Lipoxygenase, Urease  Inhibition, Diuretic, Tracheorelaxant, Antidiarrheal, Antispasmodic, Antinociceptive, Antifungal, Antibacterial and Bronchodilator actions.(A)

Botanical Description

Polygonatum verticillatum is a perennial rhizomatous herb with erect stem rising as much as 2-4 ft in top. Leaves are organized in whorls, sessile, Lanceolate/linear in form. Flowers are white or pale yellow, tinged with inexperienced. Fruits berry, purple and when matures it turns purple in colour. Rhizomes are thick, white in colour, sandy floor and shortly branched.

Description of rhizomes of Meda as per Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – They’re white in colour and secretes latex when pricked by nails, which resembles like fats tissue.


Polygonatum verticillatum is generally present in Himalayan areas, Kashmir, Sikkim, Southeast Tibet, West Asia, Europe, Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and China.(B)


Satavari (Asparagus racemosus), Salam mishri (Eulophia campestris Wall.) are used as substitutes for Meda (Polygonatum verticillatum)

Chemical Constituents

Rhizome and aerial components of Polygonatum verticillatum comprise saponin, alkaloids,  glycosides, phenols, flavonoids,  sterols and tannins. As well as, rhizomes additionally has  anthraquinones and terpenoids.

Classical Categorization

Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Harithakyadi Varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Oshadivarga
Dhanvantari Nighantu – Guduchyadi varga
Raja Nighantu – Parpataadi varga
Madanapala Nighantu – Abhayadi varga
Charaka Samhita – Included Meda underneath Jeevaniyaani, Shukrajananani and Snehopagaani dashemaani.
Sushruta Samhita – Included meda underneath Kakolyaadi ghana.


Antinociceptive exercise – A examine that performed with a purpose to determine the pharmacological rationale for the standard use of the Polygonatum verticillatum rhizomes in painful situations and plant as a diuretic, has substantiated the folklore use of this plant as an analgesic.

Tracheorelaxant, Anti-inflammatory actions – A examine was performed to explain the tracheorelaxant and anti inflammatory exercise of Polygonatum verticillatum has proved the numerous impact of Polygonatum verticillatum as tracheorelaxant by means of a Ca2+ channel blockade mechanism and anti inflammatory exercise.

Aphrodisiac Exercise – A examine performed on Aphrodisiac properties of Polygonatum verticillatum leaf extract have proved the numerous aphrodisiac impact of leaf extract of Polygonatum verticillatum.


Dhaanwantharam mezhukupaakam – Used to deal with vata ailments, paralysis, tissue depletion, pediatric issues and many others.
Bruhath Chandanaadi Thailam
Amruth jeevan rasayan – Utilized in fatigue, low immunity and many others
Brihat ashwagandha Ghrita – Utilized in oligospermia, infertility and many others
Madhuyashtyadi taila – Finest utilized in pitta associated ailments akin to fever and burning sensation
Shatavaryadi ghrita
Brihat Chagaladya Ghrita – Used to deal with all forms of Vata ailments
Vasachandanadi taila
Dhanwantharam thailam – Broadly used to deal with spondylosis, arthritis and neuro muscular situations
Mahanarayan oil – Utilized in arthritis, paralysis and different vata ailments
Kamdev Ghrita – Used as aphrodisiac, rejuvenative, improves sperm rely,physique energy and pores and skin complexion.
Artilon Comfortable Gel – Utilized in osteoarthritis
Dhanwantharam Kashayam – Utilized in publish natal care of mom
Shiva gutika – Utilized in liver and spleen problems
Prasoothika Kahayam – Used after supply for restoring well being
Guduchyadi taila – Used gout, itching within the scalp and headache
Baladhatryadi thailam – Finest utilized in eye ailments

Classical Categorization

Bhavaprakasha Nighantu – Haritakyaadi varga
Kaiyadeva Nighantu – Oshadi varga
Dhanvantari Nighantu – Guduchyaadi varga
Raja Nighantu – Parpatadi varga
Madanapala Nighantu – Abhayadi varga
Charaka Samhita – Included Meda underneath Jeevaniyaani, Shukrajananani and Snehopagaani dashemaani.
Sushruta Samhita – Included Meda herb underneath Kakolyaadi ghana.
Learn – Shukrajanana Gana: Herbs To Enhance Semen, Sperm: Assessment, Formulations

Scientific Classification

Kingdom – Plantae
Division – Tracheophyta
Class – Liliopsida
Order – Liliales
Household – Liliaceae
Genus – Polygonatum
Species – verticillatum
Learn extra

Sanskrit Synonyms

Vasa, Manichidra, Jivani, Shalyaparnika,
Nakhachedya, Hima, Ranga, Madhyadesha,
Medah, Sara, Snehavati, Medini,
Madhura, Vara, Snigdha, Medodrava, Sadhvi, Shalyada, Bahurandrika
Dharaapi, Medabava, Vidhya, Surameda, Shreshta,  Surameda, Samudbhava, Shyama,

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