Charaka Shareera Sthana sixth Chapter Shareera Vichayam Shaareeram

sixth chapter of Charaka Shareera sthana offers with “data of the small print of the Physique”. The chapter identify is Shareera Vichayam Shaareeram.

Learn – Shaareera: Ayurvedic Examine Of Anatomy And Physiology

Structure of Physique

We will now expound the chapter on ‘data of the small print of the Physique” as conducive to its understanding. Thus mentioned Lord Atreya [1-2]

Utility of the detailed data of physique

Detailed data of physique:
Detailed data of the human physique is conducive to the wellbeing of the person. Understanding of the elements that represent the physique supplies data concerning the elements that are accountable for its wellbeing. It’s due to this that specialists reward the data of the small print of the physique (and demand that one has an intensive data of the identical). [3]

Composition of physique – outcomes of their concordance and discordance

The physique which is maintained in a state of equilibrium represents the conglomeration of things derived from 5 Mahabhutas and that is the positioning of manifestation of consciousness. When Dhatus on this physique turns into conflicting then there may be illness or destruction (of the physique). Aggravation or diminution of dhatus both partially or of their entirety constitutes this discordance. [4]

Dhatus having mutually reverse qualities bear improve and reduce concurrently. A factor which will increase a specific Dhatu can also be accountable for the lower of the Dhatu having reverse high quality. [5]
Learn – Shareera: Formation Of Human Physique, Ayurvedic Idea

Sustaining equilibrium of Dhatus is the article of remedy

Subsequently, medical therapies when correctly administered concurrently deliver each the decreased and elevated Dhatus to their regular state by lowering the elevated ones and growing the decreased ones. [6]

Upkeep of equilibrium of Dhatus

Whereas administering therapies and in addition whereas resorting to regimens for the upkeep of optimistic well being equilibrium of Dhatus is searched for because the ‘finish consequence’.
Even wholesome individuals ought to correctly use healthful meals with acceptable style and attributes and in addition meals processed correctly with an intention to take care of the equilibrium of Dhatus.
After taking the meals dominated by specific attributes, it’s fascinating to neutralize their results by resorting to the regimens that are contradictory to them. [7]
Learn – Significance Of Food plan (Pathya) For Particular Illnesses

Directions for sustaining equilibrium

Equilibrium of dhatus supplies optimistic well being. To take care of this equilibrium one ought to comply with the under talked about advices –

  • One ought to correctly resort to such actions and take such meals that are opposite to the locality, season and bodily structure of the person. For instance, one ought to take pleasure in sleep whereas residing in a desert; one ought to resort to train throughout the spring season; a person with a fatty physique ought to resort to train and vigil in extra.
  • One ought to chorus from extreme utilization, incorrect utilization and non-utilization of the time, mind and objects of senses.
  • One mustn’t suppress manifested urges and
  • One ought to chorus from exhibiting power past one’s actual capability. [8]

Meals and Dhatus

Dhatus (tissue components) contained in the physique of the person get elevated by the ordinary use of meals preparations that are both of comparable attributes or are dominated by such attributes. Recurring use of meals having reverse qualities or having the dominance of such reverse qualities reduces the Dhatus. [9]
Learn – Consuming Etiquette: Ayurvedic Wholesome Consuming Guidelines

Attributes of Dhatus within the Physique

Guru (heaviness)
Laghu (lightness)
Shita (coldness)
Usna (warmth)
Snigdha (unctuousness)
Ruksa (roughness)
Manda (dullness)
Tiksna (sharpness)
Sthira (immobility)
Sara (mobility / circulation)
Mrdu (softness)
Kathina (hardness)
Visassa (non sliminess)
Picchila (sliminess)
uksma (minuteness)
Sthula (bulkiness, stoutness)
Sandra (density) and
Drava (liquidity)
Learn – Gurvadi Gunas – 20 Qualities Of Substances As Per Ayurveda

These are the twenty attributes of physique tissues which account for his or her improve or lower. By the ordinary use of heavy meals preparations the Dhatus that are heavy (having heaviness attribute / high quality) get elevated, and people that are mild (having lightness attribute / high quality) get decreased. Equally by the continued use of lighter meals the tissues that are mild get elevated and the tissues that are heavy get decreased.
Equally, all Dhatus get elevated by way of substances having related properties and get decreased by way of these having reverse properties. Following the identical precept – by consumption of meat the muscle tissues within the physique would improve compared to the opposite tissues. Equally blood tissue will increase by blood, adipose tissue would improve by fats, consumption of muscle fats will increase the identical tissue i.e. muscle fats, consumption of cartilage will increase bone tissue, the bone marrow tissue would improve on consumption of bone marrow, semen would improve on consumption of semen and the foetus would improve by consumption of amagarbha i.e. immature foetus reminiscent of an egg. [10]
Learn – Ayurvedic Food plan And Life-style For Pregnant Lady

Administration of substances having predominance of attributes

  • If a specific tissue aspect is to be elevated and the homologous dietary articles can’t be taken due to their non-availability, hateful disposition or another trigger, then meals preparations of various nature however having the predominance of the attributes of the Dhatu to be promoted needs to be used. (Sure examples on this connection are given under)
  • When there’s a deficiency of semen, milk, ghee and such different substances identified to be candy, unctuous and chilly needs to be administered with a view to put it on the market.
  • For treating a affected person affected by the diminution of urine, sugarcane juice, Varuni sort of wine, Manda (skinny gruel) liquid issues and substances having candy, saline and bitter tastes and of sticky nature are to be administered.
  • For treating a affected person affected by the diminution of feces, Kulmasha (paste of barley combined up with sizzling water and barely boiled in order from a cake), Masha (Phaseolus Radiatus Linn), Kuskunda (Mushroom), Ajamadhya (center portion of the goat consisting of intestines and different belly viscera), yava (barley), leafy greens and Dhanyamla (bitter fermented liquor from rice gruel) ought to give.
  • For the remedy of sufferers affected by the diminution of Vata, substances having pungent, bitter an astringent tastes and dry, mild and cooling property needs to be administered.
  • For the remedy of affected person affected by the diminution of Pitta, substances having bitter, saline and pungent tastes and alkaline, sizzling and sharp properties needs to be administered and
  • For the remedy of sufferers affected by the diminution of Kapha, substances having candy style, unctuous, heavy, dense and slimy properties needs to be administered.
  • Even all these actions which might improve these dhatus needs to be resorted to. Equally different Dhatus must also be both elevated or decreased by the administration of homologous and non- homologous substances in acceptable time. Thus the elements which improve of lower all of the Dhatus are described – some Dhatus are individually described and for remaining Dhatus, the precept laid down right here needs to be utilized. [11]

Components accountable for progress of physique

The next elements are accountable for the expansion of the physique in its entirety. 

  1. Alternative; for instance, youth is the right time for the expansion of the person. Throughout younger age, it’s the specificity of the time which is accountable for the expansion of the person.
  2. Beneficial disposition of the character; for instance, outcomes of the unseen (previous) actions are additionally accountable for the expansion of particular person’s physique
  3. Excellence of the properties of meals and
  4. Absence of inhibiting elements; for instance, extreme indulgence in intercourse and psychological affliction inhibits the expansion of the person’s physique [12]
    Learn – Brumhana Remedy – Nourishing Ayurvedic Therapy Precept

Components accountable for promotion of power

The next elements are accountable for the promotion of power:

  • Start in a rustic the place persons are naturally sturdy;
  • Start at a time when individuals naturally achieve power
  • Beneficial disposition of time (nice and average local weather)
  • Excellence of the qualities of the seed (sperm) and Ashaya (ovum and uterus) of the mother and father;
  • Excellence of the ingested meals
  • Excellence of the physique
  • Excellence of the Satmya (wholesomeness of varied elements accountable for the upkeep of the physique)
  • Excellence of the thoughts
  • Beneficial disposition of the character
  • Train and
  • Cheerful disposition [13]
    Learn – Train Timing, Advantages, Facet Results, Ayurvedic Administration

Components accountable for transformation of meals

Warmth (Pitta), Vata (air, wind), moisture, unctuousness, time of digestion and acceptable administration – these elements are accountable for the transformation (digestion, assimilation and metabolism) of meals. [14]

Particular actions of remodeling elements

Components described within the above verse that are mentioned to be accountable for transformation (digestion, assimilation and metabolism) carry out the next particular motion:

  • Pitta (warmth) digests
  • Vata transports meals nearer to Pitta for digestion
  • Moisture loosens the meals particles
  • Unctuousness softness the substances
  • Time deliver concerning the maturity of the method of digestion and
  • Acceptable administration of meals brings about equilibrium of Dhatus [15]
    Learn – Understanding Digestion Course of From An Ayurveda View

Transformation of attributes

In the course of the means of transformation, the attributes of meals substances assume the attributes of (or turn into homologous with) such of the tissue components of the physique as will not be contradictory on nature. When they’re contradictory, properties of 1 act in opposition to the opposite throughout the means of interplay ensuing within the decay of the physique [16]

Two classes of bodily attributes

Attributes of the physique are once more of two classes, viz. Prasada (pure substance) and Mala (impurities). Of them, these which trigger obstruction or troubles within the physique are referred to as as mala. Substances that are produced in numerous orifices and channels of the physique, that are divergent kinds and are within the means of being eliminated out of the physique, the wastes / putrefied supplies of the eyes, ears and nostril, the blood and different tissues which have gotten suppurated and have acquired the type of pus, vitiated Vata, Pitta and Kapha and such different substances which whereas present within the physique causes its destruction belong to this class.
All of them come beneath the class of Mala (impurities) and the remaining is Prasada (Pure substance). The latter (prasada) are labeled into seven classes i.e. the tissues starting with Rasa (plasma) and ending with Shukra (semen). They are often labeled into twenty classes on the premise of their attributes starting with Gurutva (heaviness) and ending with Dravatva (fluidity). Subsequently the seven tissues and twenty attributes (qualities) when are in a state of stability and never producing the ailments are thought of as prasada bhaga i.e. pure substances of the physique. [17]
Learn – Dhatu Mala: Tissue Waste Merchandise: Ayurveda perspective

Vitiation by Doshas

Of all these, Vata, Pitta and Kapha naturally have the capability to vitiate issues (tissues of the physique). When these doshas get vitiated by exogenous elements they might vitiate the opposite components of the physique (together with the tissues).

Indicators and signs of the vitiation of varied Dhatus in several instances have already been described within the 28th chapter of Sutra part. Such are the manifestations of the vitiated Doshas once they are available contact with the tissue components of the physique.
When in regular state, Vata and many others; are accountable for the upkeep of the well being of the person. So a clever man ought to attempt to maintain the doshas of their regular state. [18]

The doctor, who’s at all times conversant with the varied elements of all the physique, can also be very proficient in Ayurveda – which might bestow happiness and well being to all the universe. [19]
Learn – Position Of Doshas As Tissues and Waste Merchandise (Dhatu And Malaroopa Of Doshas)

Question about foetus

Whereas Lord Atreya was imparting the above directions, Agnivesha requested, “We now have heard your expositions on the physique.  Now we wish to hear the next:
Which of the organs of the foetus is manifested first within the pelvis of the mom?
The place does the face of the foetus lie within the uterus and what posture does it keep inside?
By which meals is it nourished and the way does it come out?
What are the meals and regimens that are accountable for its instant demise after delivery?
What are the elements that assist in the expansion of the foetus with none illness?
Whether or not the ailments afflicting the foetus is attributable to Gods and many others or not?
What’s your opinion concerning the well timed or premature demise of the foetus?
What’s the span of its life? and
What elements are accountable for the upkeep of the lifespan? “[20]

Views of Sages about ‘organs to be shaped first’ in a foetus

Lord Punarvasu Atreya replied to Agnivesha, “Within the fourth chapter of this part coping with the formation of embryo, the style by which the foetus is shaped within the uterus of the mom and the mode of manifestation of its numerous organs are already described. However there are numerous kinds of controversies on such issues amongst all of the sages who’re authors within the topic. They’re enumerated under:

Sl No Title of the sage Opinion concerning the primary organ of the foetus shaped / manifested
1 Kumarashira Bharadvaja noticed that the pinnacle of the foetus is first manifested within the uterus as a result of it’s the receptacle of all sense organs
2 Kankayana, the doctor from Bahlika, coronary heart being the receptacle of consciousness is first shaped
3 Bhadrakapya Nabhi (umbilicus) is first shaped because it serves the means to supply nourishment to the foetus
4 Bhadrashaunaka rectum situated close to the colon is first shaped since that is the positioning for Vata
5 Badisa arms and ft are first shaped being the devices of the person for his actions
6 Janaka of Videha sense organs being the receptacles of senses are first shaped
7 Marici Kasyapa it’s not potential to make any assertion about first formation of any organs as they can’t be noticed immediately
8 Dhanvantari all of the organs are shaped concurrently

The view of Dhanvantari is right as all of the organs like coronary heart and many others. are (really) shaped concurrently. In line with Atreya, it’s true that the center is the origin of all organs and the receptacle of sure phenomena. So the formation of all different organs doesn’t happen earlier than the formation of the center. So, all these organs like coronary heart and many others are shaped concurrently. All phenomena are in reality inter-dependent. So the view of Dhanvantari is quiet right and needs to be acceptable by all. [21]
Learn – Involvement Of Doshas In Formation Of Organs

Posture of the foetus

The foetus lies within the uterus with its face in the direction of the again of the mom, head upwards and limbs folded and wrapped up by the placenta. [22]

Thirst and starvation of foetus

The foetus is free from thirst and starvation. It’s dependent upon the mom for all its actions. It lives upon the nourishment by the method of Upasneha (exudation) and Upasveda (conduction of warmth). A few of its organs are effectively manifested and a few others will not be so. It attracts nourishment by the method of exudation generally by means of the holes within the hair follicles and generally by means of the channels of umbilical twine.
The umbilical twine of the foetus is connected to the umbilicus and the placenta to the umbilical twine. The placenta is in flip related with the center of the mom. The guts of the mom floods the placenta (with nourishment) by the pulsating vessels. This rasa (nutritive fluid) promotes power and complexion of the foetus as a result of it’s composed of all of the tastes.
Rasa (digestive product of meals) of the pregnant lady serves three functions i.e. 

  1. Nourishment of her personal physique
  2. Lactation and
  3. Development and growth of the foetus being supported by that meals

The foetus that’s dependent upon the mom retains residing inside (the uterus). [23]
Learn – Conception And Formation Of Fetus As Per Ayurveda

Means of supply

In the course of the time of supply, the foetus turns its head downloads by advantage of the Prasuti Maruta (Vayu which regulates the method of ship) and will get delivered by means of the vaginal path. That is the conventional state of affairs. Conditions aside from this represent abnormality. After supply the kid is free in its motion. [24]

Components accountable for correct progress of foetus

The weight loss plan and routine described within the 8th chapter of this part, if adopted, promotes the expansion of foetus with out inflicting any morbidity.
The identical weight loss plan and regimens inappropriately administered may destroy the foetus instantly after delivery because the wind and solar destroy a planted tree whose roots will not be but firmly established. [25-26]
Learn – Month-to-month Growth Of Fetus – Ayurvedic perspective

Justifications for the existence of ailments attributable to divine displeasure

Can ailments within the foetus be brought about as a result of displeasure of Gods and different divine entities?

It could be potential. The explanations / proofs are as talked about under –

  • The outline of the identical has been given by the clever individuals and authors in numerous treatises
  • Sight of surprising occasions like super- pure power, data, appeal and many others
  • Particular nature of the etiologic, indicators, signs and remedy and
  • There are particular ailments which don’t correspond to the aggravation of any of those Doshas [27]

Well timed and Premature demise

Our views on the existence and non-existence of well timed and premature demise are as follows:
“Whosoever dies would die on time as a result of the time has no void in anyway (time is shifting continually with out interruption)”. That is what some students say. However this not right. Time having or not having void, each are incorrect. Time has a definite characteristic of its personal which doesn’t admit any void or absence thereof in its definition.
Some others say “Every time one dies, he dies on the appointed hour of demise. Being free from hatred or attachment, time offers equally with all creatures (so demise at all times happens on the predestined second),” this additionally is solely distortion of info.
The truth that all people dies doesn’t show the equality in temporal actions.

Whether it is mentioned that the time when one dies is the time predetermined for this demise, then each motion of life as and when it happens will be taken as pre-determined in respect of time. However this additionally just isn’t true. In line with this principle all actions ought to occur at a set and predetermined time. However this won’t occur as a rule. Even virtually we will see that premature meals; speech and motion will yield worst outcomes and when the identical are finished well timed the results can be good and fascinating.
One may also observe by the use of direct notion manifestation of varied elements relying upon their well timed or premature motion. For instance, such and such is the opportune or inopportune time for such and such ailments, meals, ‘medication, remedy and remission.

Even a layman talks in these phrases, reminiscent of, it rains on time or in any other case; it’s chilly or sizzling on time or in any other case; flowers and fruits of the tree have occurred in time of in any other case. So each the issues equally maintain good. Subsequently, demise happens in time. If there was no premature demise, then the span of each one would have been mounted and due to this fact the data of healthful and unwholesome objects could be of no use in any respect. The supply of data like notion, inference and verbal testimony accepted in all scriptures would stop to be sources of data as a result of all these sources of data clearly show that there are elements that are conducive to longevity and in any other case so the assertion of some Rshis to the impact that premature demise can not happen is confined to phrases solely (and to not info). [28]
Learn – Kala – The Time Issue

Components accountable for upkeep of regular span of life

Within the Kali age the conventional span of life (of human beings) is 100 years. The elements accountable for the upkeep (of the conventional span) of life are:

  • Prakrti Sampat i.e. state of stability and excellence of Doshas within the structure of the person
  • Guna Sampat i.e. excellence of the compactness of the physique and excellence of hereditary qualities; and
  • Atmasampt i.e. virtuous acts conducive to longevity. [29-30]
    Learn – Ayu – Which means, Clarification, Sorts Of Lifespan

To sum up:
The next 9 matters are duly mentioned by the nice sage on this chapter on the “Data of the Particulars of the Physique” is conducive to its understanding:

Definition of Sharira (physique) the way in which how it’s stricken resulting in illness and destruction:
Improve or lower of Dhatus
Therapy of poor Dhatus
Components accountable for the expansion of physique
Components accountable for the digestion and metabolism of meals
Components which assist in the digestion and metabolism of meals
The mode of motion of every of the above talked about elements
Mala (impurities) and Prasada (Pure) sort of Dhatus and numerous queries [31-34]

Thus ends the sixth chapter of Sharira part on “the data of the Particulars of the Physique as conducive to its understanding “of Agnivesha’s work as redacted by Charaka. [6]

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